Training with the NCDIR
Our Center represents an important resource of instrumentation, software, methods, and expertise that we have developed and optimized. The overarching goal of the NCDIR is to enable the widest range of researchers in the biomedical community to access our interactomics pipeline resource, and to transfer the pipeline technology to researchers’ laboratories. One major method to achieve this goal is to create a body of researchers from a wide diversity of fields who are trained in the use of NCDIR technology. These researchers will, in turn, act as nuclei to seed further spreading of our approaches in the community.
Our Center places great value in scientists training scientists and this training provides direct scientist-to-scientist training for trainees who want to learn and/or apply a tool (method, technology) to their own science. The NCDIR visiting scientist program trains scientists who desire to apply NCDIR science or technology directly to their research. Initially, to ensure quality control and standard operating procedures, this hands-on training occurs at one of the Center locations (Rockefeller University, UCSF, or Center for Infectious Diseases Research). Once the scientist is trained (i.e., knowledge transfer of NCDIR science or technology), NCDIR scientists continue to interact with the scientist remotely, or through additional direct interactions and further technology advancement at an NCDIR site or at the scientist’s home institution/lab. Thus, our cross-institutional training is one of the ways in which the expertise gained through the NCDIR is transferred to the community. Furthermore, providing training also has the added benefit of encouraging scientists to learn new techniques in a collaborative learning environment. The scientists in the Driving Biomedical Projects (DBPs) and Collaborations and Service Projects (C&SPs) also provide hands-on training for other scientists.
Since 2018 our labs have provided direct hands-on training to 93 investigators/students, including 75 scientists from 7 states in the US and 18 scientists from 5 foreign countries; representing a highly active and successful outreach of the Center through user training. The NCDIR currently has over 60 active collaborations from over 40 institutions. If you are a scientist seeking in-depth training, typically we ask that you seek to collaborate with one of our scientists, and then visit one of the labs on a longer-term basis (i.e. several months). The role of the Center in our collaborators’ work is acknowledged through listing the P41 (P41 GM109824/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States) as grant support in their publications or acknowledge the fact that they got help for the NCDIR funded by the P41 grant.
Visiting scientist and reciprocal training program. Generally, to set up training with the NCDIR, community scientists contact a NCDIR scientist (including the PIs) at the institution where the training should best occur. Alternatively, NCDIR personnel reach out to scientists to inform them of the potential contributions NCDIR can make to a project. The training provided is based on the scientific challenge at-hand, and the current status of the NCDIR method or technology. Hands-on direct contact training will occur at one of the Center institutions to ensure quality control and standard operating procedures are followed. Fully equipped benches and adjacent workstations are dedicated and made available for NCDIR visiting scientists; surrounded by the interactomics equipment (cryomilling stations, 96-well solution handling and screening equipment, HPLCs and FPLCs, mass spectrometers, and computer workstations) needed to complete the training, as well as on-hand NCDIR members with the appropriate expertise. Thus, the NCDIR visiting researcher has everything they need within a few paces of their bench for being trained on taking their samples from frozen cells to multiple analytic stages. Once the research, technology, method, or software is proven to be robust within the Center, NCDIR scientists can then visit the trainee’s lab to train these scientists at their home institutions. In this way NCDIR scientists are able to provide hands-on training to teach trainees to directly apply our methods, technologies, and/or modeling to their own research.
The NCDIR Fellows Program. We have developed a Fellows program to provide trainees within the NCDIR the opportunity to receive hands-on training in a specific research, technology, method or computational tool to help further their own research. We have leveraged the framework of the Fellows program from within the NCDIR to trainees in the greater biomedical community. Our current and previous Fellows are listed below.
If you are interested in collaborating with one of our researchers, visit our About Us page to contact the four PI’s directly or contact admin@NCDIR.org!
Training with the NCDIR can also be done virtually via our video links which can be accessed here.
Introducing our 2020 NCDIR Fellow – Junjie Wang
The 2020 Fellow is Junjie Wang!
Dr. Wang is a postdoctoral associate in the lab of Prof. Brian Chait at the Rockefeller University. Dr. Wan’t work focuses on developing experimental and computational methods for mass spectrometry.
Working with members of the Chait and Rout labs, he has developed multiple computational tools: CX-Circos, a highly versatile web-based tool for visualization and analysis of chemical cross-linking data that incorporates a variety of structural and statistical information into a single layout of connectivity graphs for in-depth analysis and biological insights; CX-Validator, a tool that hierarchically sorts CX-MS results into protein-, restraint- and peptide-specific groups for thorough validation of the results. CX-Circos has been used by our groups for assessing multiple thousands of cross-links within the yeast nuclear pore complex as well as in many other proteinaceous assemblies. In addition, this online tool has been used by over a thousand researchers worldwide.
Dr. Wang has also made significant improvements to the identification pipeline for antigen-specific nanobodies: a middle-down mass spectrometry approach that unambiguously identifies the sequences of abundant species from highly complex mixture of nanobodies; a gel slicing approach that enables deep proteome profiling and assists CDR pairing for the classic bottom-up approach; a comprehensive analysis pipeline narrowing down the nanobody candidates from 100 thousands to hundreds, at a high true positive assessment rate and with maximized diversity. These approaches accelerate the identification of potent anti-viral nanobodies that target a wide range of epitopes for diagnostic and therapeutic applications.
He also worked on novel acquisition approaches to advance the capabilities of commercial mass spectrometers to deal with challenging biological samples, including the use of single-ion mass spectrometry, intelligent data acquisition and deep assessment of raw data.
Visiting Student Profile
5 minutes with visiting Masters student, Lars ter Morsche
Lars, where are you visiting from?
I’m an MSc student from the University of Groningen/University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands.
What are your research interests?
Being only at the very start of my research career, those interests have started to take shape but are at the same time yet to be completely defined. The well-defined foundation for me was an interest in the molecular basis of life (and disease), which I was able to explore partly during a previous internship in molecular oncology. Having completed that I wanted my current internship to shift more towards a biochemical and protein angle. I am currently interested in studying the endogenous interactome of the LINE-1 RNP. LINE-1 (or L1) is a retrotransposon that can copy-and-paste itself into the human genome via an mRNA intermediate. This mechanism relies on the interaction of the mRNA with its two self-encoding proteins, and this self-proliferative capacity has led to the fact that over the course of evolution, LINE-1 has been able to multiply to occupy 17% (!) of the human genome today.
How did you come to learn and work with the NCDIR?
The research Master’s program that I’m enrolled in provides the opportunity to pursue a 6-months research internship in a lab of choice, after which I plan to pursue a PhD. In Groningen I met Dr. John LaCava, and together we set up this collaboration of me working under his supervision in the Rout lab.
What do you hope to learn?
Working in the Rout lab, in a world-renowned institution such as The Rockefeller University, and under the direct supervision of Dr. John LaCava provides me with a set of skills and knowledge that I will cherish for the rest of my scientific career. Coming to the Rout lab I expected an environment of distinguished researchers that could help me broaden my knowledge in the field of biochemistry and protein biology, and yet also one that would challenge me and help me develop the skills to become an independent researcher.
How has your time been so far?
The knowledge base in the lab is enormous, as is the willingness to share that knowledge. I’m also given the opportunity to independently search for the path of scientific progress, and – perhaps most importantly – learn from my mistakes. I’m confident that I will step out of the Rout lab with a solid base for starting a PhD, and I would be very glad to collaborate with the Rout lab or any of its members in the future.
Introducing our 2019 NCDIR Fellow – María Benítez Guijarro
The 2019 NCDIR fellow is Ms. Maria Benitez Guijarro, PhD candidate and member of Garcia-Perez lab, GENYO, Pfizer-University of Granada-Junta de Andalucía, Centre for Genomics and Oncological Research in Spain. Maria has spent 9 months at The Rockefeller University working within the LINE-1 research team of Dr. John LaCava. She received advanced training in protein interactomics and leveraged resources and assistance provided by Profs. Michael Rout and Brian Chait and their lab members to explore endogenous LINE-1 interactomes in embryonal carcinoma cells (PA-1).
Class-1 Long INterspersed Elements (LINE-1s or L1s) are abundant human active retrotransposons (comprise >17% of our genome) that move using a copy-and-paste mechanism, generating new insertions during early human embryogenesis which can sporadically result in the generation of new genetic disorders. Previous research from Garcia-Perez lab demonstrated that new LINE-1 insertions in Pluripotent Cells (PCs) are silenced epigenetically shortly after/during insertion, using a novel but otherwise completely uncharacterized mechanism. LINE-1 silencing only occurs in PCs, and this restriction mechanism is absent in isogenic Differentiated Cells (DCs). The main goal of Maria’s project in collaboration with the NCDIR is to discover the mechanism of LINE-1 insertion silencing in PCs, as this restriction mechanism may mitigate the mutagenic potential of LINE-1 during evolution and development. As L1s are known to impact the genomes of human embryonic stem cells, with potential in regenerative medicine, understanding how L1 is regulated is important to guarantee their safety for clinical use.
To interrogate the above-described mechanism and identify factors linked to LINE-1 insertion silencing, Maria carried out co-immunoprecipitation studies of the LINE-1 ORF1 protein and its interactors in PCs and DCs from PA-1 cells. For this she worked together with other NCDIR scientists, including Ms. Hua Jiang, Ms. Kelly Molloy, and Dr. Mehrnoosh Oghbaie, to capture LINE-1 ribonucleoprotein particles and conduct mass spectrometry-based protein interaction studies on them. As a result of this work, they identified a list of factors that will be subsequently validated by Maria using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and retrotransposition activity assays. During her visit, Maria also worked to develop a ‘capillary western’ (Protein Simple: simple western) assay for the combined detection of ORF1p and ORF2p, the two proteins encoded by LINE-1. Her aim is to easily facilitate future, rapid quantitation of LINE-1 proteins across different samples.